How Does A Ketogenic Diet Help Epilepsy? Epilepsy is a disorder of the human brain’s nervous system which occurs due to the activity of a group of excessive neuron cells in the brain causing various bodily reactions. Usually, epilepsy is characterized by convulsions, tingling, momentarily dumbfounded, conscious disorders, and muscle contractions.
This epilepsy usually affects children and adults. Treatment is generally done with anticonvulsant drugs. However, now epilepsy can be treated with other methods, namely keto diet. Diet keto is a low carbohydrate and high-fat diet. How Does A Ketogenic Diet Help Epilepsy?
How Does A Ketogenic Diet Help Epilepsy (both Relationship)?
Diet keto lately is popular among people because it can lose weight quickly and effectively. Even some public figures in Some countries and abroad are known to undergo this diet and successfully lose weight so that many are inspired afterwards. Diet keto is not really a new diet. This diet has been around since the early 1920s, but not for weight loss, but for the treatment of epilepsy.
As mentioned earlier, epilepsy is a disorder of the human brain’s nervous system that occurs due to the activity of a group of excessive neuron cells in the brain causing various bodily reactions. Most people with epilepsy can be controlled for seizure symptoms by administering either a single epilepsy drug or an anticonvulsant drug. However, as many as 25% – 30% of epilepsy patients become resistant (resistant) to treatment, which is also called the term controllable epilepsy. Intractable epilepsy is a condition in which the anti-epilepsy drugs used do not have any effect on epilepsy. This type of epilepsy patients despite having given two or more anti-epilepsy drugs, seizure symptoms still occur with a frequency of 4 to 6 times a week. Therefore, there is a new non-pharmacological treatment called keto diet.
John Hopkins Medical Center conducted research on this diet to some children with epilepsy and was proven to reduce the symptoms of epilepsy, even some children otherwise recovered from this disease. Several studies were also conducted in 2006, where as many as 12 of 16 studies conducted on epilepsy patients (1084 people) who were on the keto diet for 6 months, obtained 60% of them experienced a decrease in seizure frequency of> 50% and 30% decreased frequency seizures of> 90%.
How Does A Ketogenic Diet Help Epilepsy Terms?
Eating healthy foods is the key to healthy living. The keto diet, which is a low-carbohydrate and high-fat diet can be a good treatment for epilepsy. Although proven effective, but until now not known exactly how the mechanism of keto diet in treating symptoms of seizures in patients with epilepsy.
Nevertheless, some experts put forward theories on this subject. They claimed that the body entering ketosis during a keto diet causes a decrease in seizure symptoms in epilepsy patients. Ketosis is a condition where the body no longer uses glucose (carbohydrates) as fuel to generate energy. Instead, the body uses incoming fat to produce ketones. For that, the body will always use fat as a fuel for metabolic processes. The body that does not get carbohydrate intake ends up producing a lot of ketones and is used as a source of energy for the whole body, including the brain. This ketone can also be a protector of brain cells from harmful damage.
Types of keto diet for epilepsy
Initially, keto diet there is only one type, which is currently known as the classic keto diet. This keto diet uses the rules of fat 85% – 90%, protein 6% – 8%, and carbohydrates 2% – 4%. The ratio used is 4: 1 or 3: 1 (fat: non-fat). Then the diet is further developed to emerge three new types of the keto diet, the MCT diet, diet modification Atkins, and low glycemic index treatment diet. In the MCT diet using fat rules 71%, 10% protein, and carbohydrates 19%. The ratio used is 3: 1 (fat: non-fat), the presentation is easier and more flexible because protein and carbohydrate intake is higher than the classic keto diet. Atkins modified diet using 60% – 70% fat rules, 20% – 30% protein, and 5% carbohydrate, and without calorie restriction, there is no fasting. While the low glycemic index treatment diet uses 60% – 70% fat rules, 20% – 30% protein, and 10% carbohydrate, where only allowed carbohydrates have the glycemic index.
Side effects undergo keto diet in patients with epilepsy
Although effective in treating epilepsy, in fact, keto diet also has side effects on people who live it. The short-term side effects that may arise are dehydration, nausea and vomiting, hypoglycemia, and mild metabolic acidosis. While long-term side effects that may arise are constipation, vitamin and mineral deficiency, nephrolithiasis, increased cholesterol, stunted growth (in young children), and decreased bone mineral density. Therefore, in the diet keto required strict supervision of the family and the medical side for side effects can be avoided or treated in order not to get worse.
Before undergoing this keto diet, make sure that treatment with anticonvulsants does not have any effect in curing epilepsy. Because usually, doctors prefer to give anticonvulsant therapy compared keto diet considering the side effects that may appear after a keto diet. This diet also requires strict supervision where the ratio of food really should be considered and foods that are not allowed should be completely avoided.
surprisingly, the dietary method commonly used by netizens to lose weight can also be used as a treatment of various diseases, such as epilepsy. Also mentioned keto this diet can also cure internal diseases such as cysts and cancer which is a disease that exist in chronic disease line that is very dangerous for our body.
After reading some sources, I am very surprised by the amazing benefits of keto diet. How about you? So, if you are going to go through this diet, prepare yourself to be disciplined and understand well How Does A Ketogenic Diet Help Epilepsy to cure it successfully.